What is the difference between 3D, 4D and 5D Printing?

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What is the difference between 3D, 4D and 5D Printing?

Postby 3dtech » Fri Jun 23, 2017 3:50 am

3D printing is a name for a group of technologies that layer by layer build up and manufacture objects. The correct name for these technologies is actually Additive Manufacturing. 3D printing is actually the name for one single Additive Manufacturing technology. The 3D printing process works with a powder being bound by binder deposited by a printing head. Zcorp, ExOne and Voxeljet use this technology and their technologies are all based on the MIT 3d printing service odisha Jharkhand chhattisgarh anand india

The difference is that various research organizations are looking for ways to market their findings to a larger audience, encouraging you to believe that they have invented something incredibly new, and from a marketing perspective it's easier to construct a new buzzword instead of using terms like "self-assembly" to describe the final process. Self-assembly can happen without layered manufacturing methods being employed.


Currently 4D Printing is being used to describe 3D printed structures which then change their orientation or structural shape after the printing process has completed. I believe it was first used by MIT researchers, and you can find info on the webpage of the MIT Self-Assembly Lab

5D Printing has been used to describe the use of magnetic fields during the process of orienting particles in the deposited medium (inside the material being deposited) in a layered manufacturing (3D printing process). It has been described as:

‘multimaterial magnetically assisted 3D printing system’ (MM-3D printing mumbai pune)
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